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Title Color print showing cyclists, a Pullman train, and inset portraits of inventors/industrialists: James Buchanan Eads, John Loudon McAdam, George Mortimer Pullman, Albert Augustus Pope; on reverse, brief biographies of 18th and 19th century inventors
Collection Lang Collection
Object Name Print
Caption Color print showing cyclists, Pullman train, portraits of inventors
Scope & Content Color print - Portraits of inventors/industrialists - from left to right, J.B. Eads, J.L. Macadam, George M. Pullman, Col. A.A. Pope.

A Pullman train barrels by at the top of the print, while a man walks beneath the tracks on a sidewalk, and two men bicycle in the street. The man in the rear wears a top hat and suit, the man in the mid-ground wears a brown suit, and the man in the front is dressed as a conductor and rides a penny-farthing, or high wheel, bicycle. To the left of the conductor are the portraits of J.B. Eads and J.L. Macadam. To the right of the conductor are the portraits of Geo. M. Pullman and Col. A.A. Pope.

Pasted on the reverse are short biographies of Joseph von Fraunhofer, Elias Howe, Sir Joseph Whitworth, Bart., Moritz Hermann Jacobi, and Thaddeus Fairbanks.

The biographies state:
"Joseph von Fraunhofer, discoverer of lines in the spectrum, born in Germany, 1787, died 1826. He was a glazier, and in the intervals of work studied optic, mathematics, and astronomy. In 1806 he became technical director of the Mathematical Institute at Munich, and then manufacterer of diptric instruments and fine crown glass for achromatic telescopes and prisms. He discovered, while using fine prisms free from veins, about 590 black lines crossing the solar spectrum."

"Elias Howe, born in Massachusetts, 1819, died 1876. He worked with his father, a farmer and miller, going to school winters. Working in a Boston machine-shop, he invented the sewing-machine, which a schoolmate helped him to patent. Laborers opposed its introduction, and Howe turned railroad engineer. He went to England, but returned poor, having sold his patents. In the mean time imitations had been made, but in 1854 he established his right to the invention."

"Sir Joseph Whitworth, Bart., born in England, 1803, died 1887. His first inventions were improved machinery for planing, and for making tools. He invented improvements in firearms before he completed that of his celebrated hexagonal bore rifle with elongated projectiles, which he manufactured at his Manchester works. He was made a baronet in 1869, and founded thirty scholarships for the encouragement of mechanical and engineering science."

"Moritz Hermann Jacobi, born in Germany, 1801, died 1874. He belonged to a family of distinguished mathematicians, and when, at the age of twenty-eight, he went to Russia, he attracted attention to his work in physical science. In 1830 he built an electric telegraph between two royal palaces, and in 1832 one eighteen miles long. SImultaneously with Thomas Spencer, of Liverpool, he invented the process of electrotyping. He wrote an electro-magnetism."

"Thaddeus Fairbanks, born in Massachusetts, 1797, died 1886. As a boy he showed fondness for mechanics, which was developed in the varied industries of his father, who manufactured carriages and had a saw and grist mill. In 1822, while a member of a firm for dressing hemp, the son saw how defective were the scales, and began the invention that produced the scales that have taken numberless medals and are used the world over."

Accession# 2004G1344
Subjects Bicycles
Locomotives
Trains
Inventors & inventions
Eads, James Buchanan, 1820-1887
McAdam, John Loudon, 1756-1836
Pullman, George Mortimer, 1831-1897
Pope, Albert A. (Albert Augustus), 1843-1909
von Fraunhofer, Joseph, 1787-1826
Howe, Elias, 1819-1867.
Whitworth, Joseph, 1803-1887
Jacobi, Moritz Hermann von, 1801-1874
Fairbanks, Thaddeus, 1773-1815
Object ID 2004G1344
Creator Unknown
People Eads, James Buchanan, 1820-1887
McAdam, John Loudon, 1756-1836
Pullman, George Mortimer, 1831-1897
Pope, Albert A. (Albert Augustus), 1843-1909
von Fraunhofer, Joseph, 1787-1826
Howe, Elias, 1819-1867.
Whitworth, Joseph, 1803-1887
Jacobi, Moritz Hermann von, 1801-1874
Fairbanks, Thaddeus, 1773-1815
Date n.d.
Year Range from 1756
Year Range to 1909
Condition Fair
Condition Notes Print is in good condition but is taped into non-archival mat.
Imagefile 008\2004g1344a.jpg